[6][117], The detailed Land Use Survey by the Office for National Statistics in 2005 noted that the local authority area of Bournemouth had the third-highest proportion of land taken up by domestic gardens, 34.6%, of the 326 districts in England; narrowly less than the London Boroughs of Harrow and Sutton at the time with 34.7% and 35.1%. [84][89] Of the total population, 3.3% are 85 or over, compared to 2.2% nationally; however the largest group of people moving into the area are students in the 16-24-year age group, and 9% of the current population are between 20 and 24. [162] updates on services in Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole, Bournemouth Borough Council Historical Information. [181] Acquired by the Manchester Airports Group in 2001, the airport underwent a £45 million phased expansion programme between 2007 and 2011. 37.8% of people are married, 12.4% cohabit with a member of the opposite sex, 1.3% live with a partner of the same sex, 30.9% are single and have never married or been in a registered same sex partnership, 10.1% are separated or divorced. [50] For the purposes of the Lieutenancy it remains part of the ceremonial county of Dorset. [41][43] The site is now used as an outdoor event arena. The composer Sir Hubert Parry (1848-1918) was born in Bournemouth. 90.8% of people living in Bournemouth speak English. As from April 2019, the nine councils of Dorset were merged into two and Bournemouth became part of a unitary authority with Christchurch and Poole (known as BCP). London 9 M. Manchester 3 M [1] "La Bournemowthe", however, was purely a geographic reference to the uninhabited area around the mouth of the small river which, in turn, drained the heathland between the towns of Poole and Christchurch. Designed by Alfred Bedborough in the French, Italian and neo-classical styles, the foundation stone was laid by King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway and the hotel opened in 1885. It is a local nature reserve and the site of a Bronze Age settlement. [19][20] In 1809 the Tapps Arms public house appeared on the heath. The shopping streets are mostly pedestrianised with modern shopping malls, Victorian arcades and a large selection of bars, clubs, and cafés. As a relatively new town Bournemouth, has grown from the Parish of Holdenhurst with a population of just 489 in 1801 to the Borough of Bournemouth. The O2, which opened in 1895 as the Grand Pavilion Theatre, was initially used as a circus and later for music hall theatre. In 1950, the population of Bournemouth was 316,824 . [35] Bournemouth became a municipal borough in 1890 and a county borough in 1900.[34]. After a stagnant population growth and even a drop in the 1990s, Manchester has seen a strong increase in population—going from its lowest number of 2.2 million in 1991, to its current population of 2.7 million. With Poole to the west and Christchurch in the east, Bournemouth is part of the South East Dorset conurbation, which has a population of 465,000. Bournemouth is directly north of Old Harry Rocks, the easternmost end of the Jurassic Coast, 96 miles (155 km) of coastline designated a World Heritage Site in 2001. [152], Built in the Art Deco style in 1929, situated close to the seafront, the Pavilion Theatre was at the time considered to be the greatest ever municipal enterprise for the benefit of entertainment. [79], The 2011 census records the population of Bournemouth as 183,491, comprising 91,386 males and 92,105 females, which equates to 49.8% and 50.2% of the population respectively. [41][42] In 2005 it was voted the most hated building in England in a 10,000-person poll conducted by the Channel 4 programme Demolition, and was pulled down in spring 2013. [78] Turbary Park is a heathland which is a protected Site of Special Scientific Interest. Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole (BCP) is a unitary authority area in the ceremonial county of Dorset, England.It was created on 1 April 2019 by the merger of the areas that were previously administered by the unitary authorities of Bournemouth and Poole, and the non-metropolitan district of Christchurch. All Biggest Cities in the United Kingdom. This is achieved by restricting inappropriate development within the designated areas, and imposing stricter conditions on permitted building. [3][12], In the late 19th and early 20th centuries the Borough of Bournemouth would grow to encompass a number of ancient settlements along the River Stour, including Longham where a skull thought to be 5,500 years old was found in 1932. [115], The Lower, Central and Upper Gardens are Grade II* public parks, leading for several miles down the valley of the River Bourne through the centre of the town to the sea. Click on the name of the country or dependency for current estimates (live population clock), historical data, and … In 2010 the town was awarded a Purple Flag for providing a wide variety of night-time activities while maintaining the safety of both residents and visitors. Tolkien died in September 1973 at his home in Bournemouth but was buried in Oxfordshire. |date=October 2018}}[citation needed], Bournemouth lies at the centre of a green belt region that extends into the wider surrounding counties. Population. Full-time students with jobs account for 5.3% and 3.8% are unemployed.[101]. <>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 18 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Bournemouth is a tourist and regional centre for leisure, entertainment, culture and recreation. Mary died before the house was completed but she was buried in Bournemouth, in accordance with her wishes. [126] The Bourne Free carnival is held in the town each year during the summer. One of Britain's most prolific composers of choral music he is probably best known for his setting to William Blake's words of Jerusalem. [91] Of particular importance are the financial and public service sectors which through 2011 continued to show sustained growth. This was 0.298% of total United Kingdom population. The council has recently completed a larger redevelopment of the site and adjoining council land. [146] Added in 1958, the boomerang-shaped entrance kiosk and overhanging concrete roof is now a Grade II listed building. [150] During the First World War the hotel was used as a hospital for British and Indian soldiers and after as a convalescent home. The least populated is East Southbourne and Tuckton with only 23 people per hectare. Also, each year the population of Bournemouth increases by 1428 in terms of aggregate. Qpzm LocalStats UK ™ - © 2020 - Adapted from data from the Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.1.0. Now natural change (births less deaths) is also contributing to population growth. The publication of the book, and the increase in visitors seeking the medicinal use of seawater and the pine-scented air, helped the town to grow and establish itself as an early tourist destination.